Economic Growth in Pakistan has stagnated in the past few years. Even though no official poverty figures have been released, it is suspected that poverty has increased drastically in the last five years. Moreover, Pakistan is currently experiencing a demographic bulge. It is critical that Pakistan continues experiencing economic growth at a sustained rate; otherwise the burgeoning youth population won’t be absorbed into the workforce, leading to potentially disastrous repercussions.
Within the framework of the One Programme II (2013-2017), the UN in Pakistan adopts a four-pronged approach working on the following areas:
- Creation of employment opportunities, especially for the most vulnerable and marginalized
Policies and programmes are supported that provide livelihood opportunities for the most vulnerable groups, with a special focus on post-crisis regions. In parallel, support is provided to revamp the Technical and Vocational Educational and Training system, again with a special focus on the most excluded and marginalized groups. This includes providing access to vocational and entrepreneurship skills training as well as financial support to participate in the economy.
- Industrial development emphasizing small- and medium-sized business development, women’s participation and sustainable energy supplies
Pro-poor programmes and policies are implemented to promote the growth of a sustainable and inclusive small- and medium-sized business sector. Clean production strategies, including waste management and climate change mitigation measures, are being promoted and adopted in several priority industrial sectors. The UN promotes research and household use of low cost sustainable energy solutions, like biogas and solar energy.
- Equitable and fair trade promotion
Policies and support mechanism for inclusive trade and development have been initiated. This includes encouraging and enabling the participation of women in the global trade system, also through gender responsive trade policy and frameworks.
- Addressing key causes and consequences of population growth
The UN in Pakistan works with the Pakistan Bureau of Statistics to strengthen the national statistics system and use of data and demographic information to formulate economic and labour policies.