The governance and rule of law sectors are experiencing a number of challenges and opportunities at the federal and provincial levels in Pakistan. The UN’s global experience in supporting federal and provincial institution building, including governance and rule of law bodies, renders it a strong partner to Government in these areas. Within the context of the OP II, the UN supports Pakistan in attaining four overarching goals in the areas of governance and rule of law:
- Strengthening the capacity of institutions to be more democratic and accountable, including the engagement of civil society organisations, media and academia
The UN works with the National Election Commission to build capacity at the central and sub-national level and increase voter turnout at all levels. In parallel, the UN strengthens the capacity of federal and provincial actors to enable them to carry out effective oversight. Support is provided to Parliament, as well as media and civil society, to promote participation in the democratic process.
- Strengthened rule of law and public security institutions to enhance public trust and social stability, and to provide improved safety and security, including measures to address transnational crime and trafficking
The UN supports the Government in addressing transnational crime and trafficking. Access to justice of all is promoted by strengthening the police and criminal justice institutions and promoting international standards. This ranges from strengthening the prison system to improving effective crime investigation.
- Improved accountability and access to quality social protection and other services for excluded and vulnerable people
The UN collaborates with Government to support the development of social safety nets and social protection mechanisms to promote the resilience of the most vulnerable populations to natural disasters and economic crises.
- Strengthened decentralised governance
In support of decentralisation, the UN provides technical assistance to develop policies and legislation at the provincial and district levels. Support is provided to strengthen public administration and governance capacities, as well as the role of civil society, at the provincial level.